Most people know someone who has been affected by a family breakup (this includes both a marital breakup and a de facto relationship of more than 2 years, herein after called a “relationship”). It is usually a very stressful and emotional time where people are anxious about the divorce, the property settlement and the emotional wellbeing and care arrangements for children.
Unfortunately this is reflected in a great quantity of inaccurate statements, often regarded as fact by those, in the community.
Every family law situation is different and it is important that people get the right advice and are able to make informed decisions about their family and their own future before entering into any agreement or going to court.
In this article we have identified the top 5 issues where myths exist and we have set the record straight.
Myth 1: You need to be divorced (in a marital situation) before you can divide your property
There is no provision in a matrimonial situation that requires a divorce to be finalised before a financial settlement can be negotiated. In a de facto relation the division can occur if the relationship has been in existence for more than 2 years. Obviously in a de facto relationship there is no need for a divorce.
You are in a matrimonial situation only entitled to a divorce after 12 months of separation, once you become separated you can immediately start negotiating a financial settlement.
In fact, if you have not finalised your property settlement by the time of your divorce you should do so within 12 months because there is a time limit of 12 months to start Court proceedings after you are divorced.
Myth 2: I owned it before we got together, so it’s mine if we separate
A person will not necessarily be able to keep those things in their own name that they brought into the relationship or that were paid for individually during the relationship. All and every asset of the parties, which existed at the time of the trial will be considered an asset of the relationship.
The factors which must be taken into account when the Family Law Courts consider how property is to be divided is set out in the Family Law Act (applicable to both matrimonial and de facto relationships). There is no universal equation applied, property settlement is based on all of the information provided including the various contributions made by both parties to the accumulation of the assets and the Court will then use its discretion in deciding the matter.
The Family Law Courts may give greater weight to the individual contributions of one party in a short relationship which may result in that party being awarded an asset that they brought into the relationship. However, in a medium to long term relationship assets brought into the relationship would be regarded as assets of the relationship. However, a party who commences with greater contribution into the relationship may receive additional loading, which will decrease over time as the relationship becomes longer and longer.
Mr. Raniga who is the Principal of this firm, who has been practicing family law for 30 years, and is a member of the Family Law Section of the Law Council of Australia can advise you exactly what is taken into consideration by the Court when providing detailed and specific advice to clients about their individual circumstances.
Myth 3: Property will always be split 50/50 in a property settlement
This is usually the most common myth in family law. There is no rule or presumption that parties have to divide their assets equally when they separate.
As outlined above there is no universal equation applied, property settlement is based on all of the information provided and the discretion of the Court in deciding the matter.
The percentage outcome depends on many factors, which include:
- The length of the relationship;
- The financial contributions of each person;
- The non-financial contributions of each person; and
- The current and future needs of each person.
The longer the relationship, the more likely it is that the Courts will consider the contributions and future needs of the parties as being equal, all factors need to be considered. A domestic partner who stayed home to look after young children of the marriage, and undertake domestic chores and the like, thereby freeing the other their partner to work long hours to bring additional income to the house will be given similar weight even though no direct or actual income was earnt. The reality is that an exact 50/50 split is very rare.
Myth 4: The assets are held by a company or trust, so they are excluded from a property settlement
When a marriage or de facto relationship breaks down all the existing property will be divided between the parties.
The definition of “property” is very broad under the Family Law Act (applying to both marital and non-marital relationships). In the case of assets owned by a company or trust the Courts will look at who has control over the company or trust. Even if a person is not a director, if the entity is under the control of one of the parties the Court has the power to deal with the assets as an asset of the marriage.
Usually, assets held by a company or trusts will come within the definition of property, however, this is a very complicated area of law and we suggest you consult RRR Lawyers for further clarification and advice.
Myth 5: Pre-nuptial agreements are only used in the USA
The use of Pre-nuptial agreements or “pre-nups”, as they are often known, has been popularised, sometimes sensationalised by their use in the USA. There have been plenty of newspaper stories and even movie storylines about them and their enforceability.
So, do we have them in Australia? In fact, we do. In Australia they are known by the somewhat less sensational name of Binding Financial Agreements or BFA’s.
A BFA is often used as an asset protection mechanism by people going into a new relationship or marriage allowing a couple to agree in advance on an acceptable division of assets. After a relationship breaks down, a BFA can reduce the financial stress of a separation and allow the couple to amicably separate without the need for costly, time-consuming and stressful court action.
BFA’s must be properly drafted and executed to ensure the agreed property distribution is enforceable, so it is sensible to discuss this with RRR Lawyers to ensure your assets are protected. In order to minimise the risk of the Court setting aside the BFA, it is most important that both parties secure independent legal advice. A solicitor cannot act for both parties, but the drafting of the BFA is usually undertaken by one firm of solicitors and the other firm acting for the other party may seek changes to protect their client.
No two family law cases are the same and urban myths do not usually apply. The Courts will always take into account the individual circumstances of each case before applying their wide discretion to make decisions.
It is important to obtain independent legal advice (do not rely on advice that your partner may have received from his/her lawyers). As indicated RRR Lawyers has been practicing family law for the past 30 years, and we will help you to understand the processes involved concerning your particular circumstances. As a small boutique firm our overheads much lower than the city based firms, and consequently our legal fees will be much lower.
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