A Power of Attorney is a legal document that gives a trusted person the legal authority to act for you, and to make legally binding decisions on your behalf. If you do not have a power of attorney then you should contact us and find out more.
There are two broad categories of Power of Attorney, Financial and Medical.
Below are 6 top questions dealing with Powers of Attorney:
Circumstances when a Power of Attorney is particularly useful:
to relieve yourself of the day to day demands of financial paperwork and record
as a safety net when travelling or to allow someone to handle your affairs in your
to avoid burdening family or friends with the responsibility of looking after your
if you are unable to manage your prosperity or financial affairs.
Who should I appoint?
You can appoint anyone, although the choice of who you want to appoint should be
made with careful thought as you are providing them with considerable power.
An ideal attorney should:
have your best interests at heart;
someone who is going to be a beneficiary in your Will – for example, may people
appoint their partner, their eldest child, or their sibling.
be willing to act in that capacity;
have competence in areas of relevance;
be able to act in a business-like manner;
be able to spare the time necessary for the task;
live in the locality in which they are to act;
be agreeable to respecting the confidentiality of the donor’s affairs; and
be impartial and have no known conflict of interest.
Are there different types of Powers of Attorney?
Yes, a General Power of Attorney which is:
only valid while you have legal capacity;
useful if you are going away for an extended period and you do not want the
authority to continue should you lose legal capacity; and
usually drawn up for a specific purpose with specific or general powers.
A specific Power of Attorney which:
would be designed to delegate limited and restrictive powers for a specific
purpose, or specific tasks
some examples of situations where this type of Power of Attorney would be
– for the purpose of signing documents to complete a specific transaction
– providing a family member overseas the ability to give instructions to
lawyers in order to manage a Court matter in another Country
And an Enduring Power of Attorney (EPA) which:
continues to be valid even if you lose legal capacity due to disability or illness;
may empower your attorney to make financial, property, lifestyle and health
may be activated when required or upon loss of legal capacity; and
allows your attorney to commence or to continue to manage your affairs even
though you have become unable to give lawful instructions.
Is it better to have more than one attorney?
Some thought could be given as to whether you wish to appoint more than one person
with the Power of Attorney, as this may provide you with more flexibility. However,
appointing more than one Attorney could be problematic if the two attorney’s you appoint
do not get along well with each other, or if conflict is foreseeable. This may include
siblings who do not see ‘eye-to-eye’.
Some examples to illustrate why it is helpful include siblings who should act together, or
you are unsure if one should act on their own, or to allow the power to continue if one
attorney dies or cannot act. This also applies if you appoint a spouse and a child as an
alternative in the event the spouse dies. You can also appoint attorneys to act “jointly”
When you appoint two attorney’s ‘jointly’, they must both agree before any decision can
However, if you appoint your attorney’s ‘severally’ this provides them with the ability to
make decisions individually and without having to come to agreement with each other.
This means that either one of your attorney’s can then make these decisions for you if
they cannot agree.
Should I pay my attorney?
This is not necessary to give legal affect to the power, and for a financial power would
normally only be considered if the attorney(s) is a professional.
How do I know if the person has sufficient mental capacity to make a power of
There is no simple formula, but in general terms they must be able to:
understand the major consequences of a decision;
take responsibility for making that choice; and
make a choice based on the risks and benefits that are important to them.
If there is any doubt about capacity, it’s best to get in touch with a doctor and ask for a
written opinion. Remember, different powers require different levels of understanding. If
this is done it is wise to have the Power of Attorney signed on the same day as you get
the medical report so there can be no subsequent claim that the appointment was
In our view many clients do not recognise the possible benefits (and pitfalls) of Powers
The need for a Power of Attorney can be numerous. In case of accident, sudden illness,
planned or unexpected absence, or when you just can’t cope, you may need someone
to manage your financial affairs. So it doesn’t matter if you are old or young, in business
or not, if you do a lot of travelling or not, there are great benefits in having a power of
To find out more about Powers of Attorney and their benefits call us on 03 9387 2424 or
email email@example.com today and see how we can help